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SHELTER DESIGNS

Our Shelter Designs :
Productivity of sheep and goat is influenced by the type of shelter provided.There are various housing and floor designs that can be used depending on the production system employed and local climate.Cost of construction,ease of cleaning, proper ventilation and drainage,and adequate lighting are important aspects to be considered in designing a house.Inner pens are needed for large flocks for proper handling and management,particularly controlled breeding. Proper handling of manure needs attention since it has health and economic benefits.The basic justification of livestock shelter is that it should alter or modify the environment for the benefit of animals enclosed in it.The animal shelter should normally buffer the extremes of climate to reduce peak stress in the housed animals.The main climatic factors from which protection is to be provided are high and low ambient temperatures,environmental humidity,solar radiation,winds and rain.The goats are particularly protected from rain and wetness as these make them prone to pneumonia.The animal houses are designed to protection from extreme weather conditions.Extreme heat is a major characteristic of some zones while others experience cold temperatures.Each situation has its own requirements for the design and construction of optimum animal housing.The basic requirement of good animal housing is that it should alter or modify the environment for the benefit of animals and also protect them from predation and theft.Animal housing should buffer the animal from climate extremes to reduce stress allowing optimal animal performance in terms of growth, health and reproduction.The main climatic factors from which protection is needed are high and low ambient temperatures,environmental humidity,solar radiation,wind and rain.Additionally,houses are important in protecting feed and equipment from damage,in saving labor,and in aiding effective management,including breeding. Sheep and goat housing should meet animal requirements and serve a producer’s needs.

  • Benefits of housing for various climatic zones & locality.
  • Be strong enough to last a long time.
  • Be large enough for the number of animals to be accommodated comfortably.
  • Allow freedom of movement for all animals.
  • Be well-drained or have well-maintained dry bedding and easy to clean. Sheep and goats do not tolerate mud well therefore, yards and shelters should be built only on well-drained ground.
  • Receive morning sunshine evenly.
  • Be well lighted and ventilated.Air circulation,dust levels,temperature, relative air humidity according to the climatic zone & locality and gas concentrations should be at levels that will not harm animals.
  • Have suitable isolation pens for sick or injured animals as far away from the main house as possible.