Goat Farming in India

Advantages & Utilities of Goat Farming:

The goat is a multi-purpose animal producing meat, milk, hide, fibre and manure.

Goat farming can be a profitable occupation for a farmer and can fit well into mixed farming.

Goats have very few demands of housing and management. They hardly need separate housing and happily share their homes with their owners or his other livestock Based on the environment & locality

Goats are cheaper to maintain, easily available and have a friendly disposition.

Goats are capable of adapting to various agro-climatic conditions ranging from arid dry to cold arid to hot humidly. They can be raised in plains, hilly tracts, sandy zones and at high altitudes.

Goats are more tolerant to hot climate than other farm animals.

Goats suffer from fewer ailments than other large animals.

Goats have got increased digestibility of crude fibre and can produce even on poor quality roughages.

Goats transfer more production per unit of investment.

Goats are small in size and have a younger slaughter age.

Goat meat has no religious taboo and is relished by all sections of society.

Goat meat has less fat & less cholesterol and is more in demand.

Goats are called the foster mother of man, as their milk is considered better for human nutrition than other species of livestock.

Goat milk is easily digestible and nutritious.

Goat milk is finer than cow milk i.e. the fats and proteins are present in a finer state and are more easily digestible, especially by children and invalids.

Goat milk has lesser allergic problems than other species of livestock.

Goat milk is used as a ayurvedic medicine for personas ailing with asthma, cough, diabetes, etc.

Goat milk has higher buffering qualities and this enhances its value for patients suffering from peptic ulcers, liver dysfunction, jaundice, biliary disorders and other digestive problems.

Goat milk has higher phosphate content, which is beneficial for vegetarian communities.

Goat milk has a higher content of B-complex vitamins.

Goat milk is suitable for preparing various milk products.

Goat milk has good diseases resistance power.

Goats can be milked as often as required, preventing milk storage problems and refrigeration costs.

Goat hide is used for the manufacture of leather products.

Goat hairs are used for the manufacture of rugs and ropes.

Goat manure is 2.5 times richer in nitrogen and phosphoric acid than cow manure.

Goats farm an excellent animal for physiological and biomedical research.

A goat has been described as a poor man’s cow (or mini-cow) because of its immense contribution to the poor man’s economy. They not only supply nutritious and easily digestible milk to their children but also regular source of additional income for poor and landless or marginal farmers. Four goats can be maintained as cheaply as one indigenous cow. Goats can be successfully reared in areas where fodder resources are limited and milch cattle do not thrive. Returns on capital of up to 50% and recovery of 70% of the retail price are possible in goat farming. In rural areas, goat farming plays a vital role in providing gainful employment.

How to start a goat farming business in tamilnadu
Goat farm Business plans

Before starting a goat farming business try to do some research for some period of time by reading some journals, magazines, books, related to goat farm, attend some consultations & training from a professional farm people & advisors who are well expertized in this field to understand the profit & loss from their experience. For more business ideas & knowledge watch this you tube video channel for a successful entering into goat farming business given below

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wx-9km_L6hM&t=11s

Basic Investments required to start goat farming business

 Lands for farming ( for fodder cultivations & infrastructure Developments)

 Borewells

 Electricity

 Housing for goats i.e sheds for goat &sheep’s

 Storage room

 Labour quarters

 Chaff cutter machines

 Feed making machines

 Pellet making machines

 Pulverisers

 Refrigerators

 Boundary Fencings for land & infrastructure areas

 Water motor pumps

 Pasture areas

 Vehicles for carrying Feeds, fodders & other farm related materials.

 Site selection for the goat farming in Tamilnadu

 Location of a goat farm should be kept in well secured safe area for easy monitoring & transportation too, the goat farm should be free from visitors & predators likewise the location of the farm should be free from pollutions

Goat farming tips for Beginners

Before starting a goat farm, one should decide what are all needed from the scratch to end

Decide on Land & water available according plan your budget:

Start with Adequate number of goat& increase slowly

Purchase goats from appropriate breeders for a better goat farming business

Decide on what type of goat farming you like to start whether to go for a goat meat farming or for dairy milk goat farming

If you plan to go for meat goat farming there are multiple goat breeds found in India few are as follows here kanni, kodi, salem black, black Bengal, sirohi, sojat, beetel, malwa etc.

If you plan for a dairy goat farming there are breeds like beetel, jhakrana, barbari, jamunapari, sannen, toggenburg, alpine, anglo nubian, toggenburg are the best goat milk productive breeds

Make a scientific goat shed with all feeders, drinkers & cabins before you bring your goats into your farm.

Make secured fencing around the infrastructure & clean water for goats

To reduce the feed cost make complete fodder cultivations in you farm land

Monitor all the animals & isolate the ill ones.

Goat fattening plays a vital role in commercial goats farming for its profits by practising a proper feed managements

A proper periodic vaccination should be evolved to overcome seasonal & unexpected disease outbreaks.

Goat farmers should maintain their farm hygienically by evolving a safe & clean environment around the farms.

Goat Farming costs & profits Margins

The costs & profit margins vary from place to place, breed to breeds, market demands, transportations, feed costs, medicine cost, labour cost etc..

Goat farming profit Tips

Goat farming business remain a fast growing business globally as the demands for goats getting increased every year the price of goats increasing rapidly so most of the entrepreneurs are likely interested in starting a meat goat farming & dairy goat farming to obtain good profits
First decide on initial investments & no of goats you are going to put in your farm
To gain a fundamental idea of goat farming watch this you tube video channel for an idea

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wx-9km_L6hM&t=11s

Prepare the goat farming business plans which contains the shed costs, no of animals, feed cost, running cost, etc.
Build the scientific goat shed according to your number of goats’ requirement.
Feed cost plays a dominant role for profitable goat farming, always don’t purchase the feed from outside, it is advised to cultivate the feeds in your land itself
For meat goat farming always select the good meat goat breed for rapid growth of meat in a temporary period of time.
For dairy milk goat farming always select good milk goat breeds for maximum yield of milk
Select a good quality goat breed for breeding purpose.
Cultivate the green fodders before bringing the goats into your farms.
Goats should be clean & free from infections.
Make sure all vaccinations & de worming is done for all the goats
Periodic health check-up for goats should be done by doctors.
The mixed ratio of green fodder, dry fodder, concentration feeds & supplements should be fed to goats for a better growth
Isolate the sick animals as early as possible as other goats may get infected.
Never allow any third person into your farm.
In milk dairy goat farming proper care should be taken for mother goats, kids & pregnant goats
In milking goats milk the goats every morning & evening twice in a day after milking clean the machines & equipment’s keep sanitized

Feed Managements in goat farming

As goats have an unlimited stomach to eat, most nutritional feeds is required all the time with good nutritional supplements to maintain their immunity & productivity, feed intake should be increased in accordance with growth rate & weight gain of the animals for lactating does, matured goats, pregnancy goats & kids, regular dry matter feed should be given for all age group goats

Fodder Managements for the goat farming

Types of fodder

Green Fodder
Dry Fodder
Nutritional supplemental Grains pellets

Green Fodder is classified into 3 types.

Grass Varieties
Plant Varieties
Tree Varieties


Grass Varieties in goat farming

Co4, co5
Guinea grass
Elephant grass
Cofs29
Cofs31
African tall
Hybrid napier
pakchong super napier grass


Leguminous Fodder Plant Varieties

Cowpea
Lucerne
Hedge Lucerne
Alfa alfa

Tree Fodders

Subabul
Glyricidia
Sesbania

Dry Fodder

By using corn/maize or other leguminous fodder crops we can make silage & store it for drought seasons. This silage serves as an excellent feed & helps in rearing animals during competitive seasons

Goat feeding Program in stall fed farming

Timely feeding is significant for a rapid growth rate of animals especially for good weight gain. Essentially, goats consume 5 to 6% of food per day of their body weight which should contain combined mixture of feeds like green fodder, dry fodder & concentrated feeds for mature goats 30 % of feed supplements should be fed with their green forages, castrated growing male goats eats 2 kgs of green forage along with 250 grams of supplement feeds, for female goats with 2 kids having a body weight of 20 kgs above should feed with 6 kgs of grass along with 400 grams of feed supplements daily.

Fodder cultivation crops suitable for stall fed goat farming

The following fodder crops can be cultivated in 1 to 2 acres of land for rearing 150 to 200 goats.

Green Fodder

Co3, co4, co5, co7, co10, African tall maize, hybrid napier, cofs 29, cofs 31, bajra grass, dinanath grass, Rhodes grass, elephant grass, rhino grass, guinea grass, bromegrass, rye grass, millet grass, clover , fescue , alfa alfa etc…

Legume plant crops

Lucerne, hedge Lucerne, cowpea, stylo, desmanthus, etc.

Tree fodder crops

Subabul, sesbania, glyricidia, kalyanamurungai, kodukapuli, neem, arasu, vagai, karuvel, velvel, seemaikaruvel, etc..

Concentrate feed Ingredients.

Groundnut cakes, wheat, sorghum, maize & broken rice

Goat farming in India

Goat farming in India remain a rapidly growing business as the demands of meat is increasing day by day due to decreased population of goats, so many peoples are intended to start this goat farming business as it fetches good profits within a limited period of time round the year. In another way most people’s think that its specific business to handle it, truly it is not, therefore. Unless if there is a scientific planning, proper implementation, hard work & dedication is absent it’s not going to work out

Benefits & advantages of goat farming in India

Setting up a goat farm is very easy compared to dairy farming in India
It requires less labours compared to any other farming.
If one is going to start a meat goat farming the demands are more always not much difficult in marketing the goats
If the one is going to start dairy goat farming for milk purpose intense care & incredibly nutritious feed required to get good milk yield in animals, goat milk is easily digestible compared to cow’s milk also the demands are increasing day by day
Goats got good resistance power they are good diseases resistant animals, obviously mortality rates in goats is less if properly maintained.

 

How to start Goat farming in India

Before entering into the business one should try to learn goat’s articles, watch videos related to goat farming & to stay tuned with goat farming consultants to determine things better. After getting some confidence contact some consultants or farm developers or you can prepare estimate or complete goat farming business plans on your budget. The very first one is the construction of scientific goat shed with all infrastructures, Secondly, we should cultivate complete fodder cultivations & ultimately bring the animals into your farms. There are two methods of doing goat farming for meat goat farming. One is that breeding program where the parental stocks are purchased & get multiply the breeding numbers, second one is that just purchase male rams alone & rear it for some time period & Enroll it for profit margins. For more information’s like how to start a goat farming successfully watch this videos link in you tube channel given below

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wx-9km_L6hM&t=11s

Selection of goat breeds

Selection of goat breeds represents the most significant thing to start a commercial goat farming business. Always buy the nativity goat breeds for the successful goat farming business, also see the age factor which can be identified by examining the teeth of goats.

Indian meat goat breeds

There are multiple goat breeds found in India for meat goat farming among those breeds few are beetel, sirohi, sojat, kanni, kodi, osmananbadi, malwa ,kota ,chegu, changthangi , etc.

Indian dairy goat breeds

Indian dairy goat breeds for milk goat farming are barbari, jamunapari, sannen, alpine goats, beetel , zalawadi, Jhakrana, toggenburg, anglo Nubian etc.

Goat shed constructions in India

Based on the number of goats & budget one can plan for constructing a goat shed, the following points to remember before constructing a goat shed are listed at the end
The shed should remain an elevated one which should be free from water & wet area during rainy seasons.
Goat shed flooring can be made with brick, wood, mud, plastics based on maintenance & investments
A proper fencing should be provided surrounding goat shed
Always advisable to keep male & female goats separate in goat shed except breeding time.

Goat farm India

By selecting proper goat breeds & quality animals by adopting proper feed managements, health managements, & proper business managements one can obtain good profits from their investment plans

Goat Farming in Tamil Nadu

Goat farming in Tamil Nadu is one of the vastly growing business in livestock field as the population in India growing the demands of goats are more raising day to day basis in terms of meat & milk procurements. Now a day a majority of the peoples in India prefer goat meat compared to any other meats, likewise the population of goats are in less numbers compared to poultry industry, so farmers are focussing on goat farming business by stall fed systems in all areas as goat meat accommodates excellent demands in both domestic & export market, the goats delivers an additional value for its skin, milk, fibre, manure, etc. The manure of goats now a Days has a great Demands in market for agricultural crops yields by adopting this type of business many peoples sustain employments in rural areas, semi – arid, arid areas & mountain regions of India. Among the states in India. Tamil Nadu has many goat farms compared to other states they rear goats by stall fed method, Where the farmers focus on commercial goat farming business with their investment plans for starting up this project, likewise they wait for 2 years to stimulate their investments & returns back from the projects by breeding the goats successfully along with proper dedication & professional farming. In order to help the farm beginners there are some government subsidies & loans from both government sector NABARD& private sector banks for the welfare of farmers

Advantages of goat farming in Tamil Nadu

Soil nature, climatic conditions & water source are excellent for the cultivation of fodders for the goat farming
As goat meat is incredibly nutritious, goats are reared mainly for their meat, milk, manure, etc.
Goat farms require less manpower & capital compared to poultry & dairy business.
Commercial goat farming requires less labours for maintaining it as well the marketing of goats is remarkably easy
Goats have good disease resistance & easily adoptable to Indian Agro – climatic conditions as well the diseases outbreak in goats are very less compared to poultry industry.
In terms of goat milk, it retains an increased value compared to cow’s milk, goat milk is superior than cow’s milk as goat milk delivers nutritional benefits as the fat content of goat milk is very high compared to dairy milk.
In commercial goat farming if the selection of breed & animals are pedigreed obviously the farmers can expect multiple kids from the animals within a limited period of time by applying scientific systems
In grazing System’s, the goats can easily graze the extensive field by eating their weeds & plants as well the manure of goats are most useful for their soil enhancements to cultivate crops
The substantial advantage in goat farming is that its reproduction stage comes fast & the gestation period in goats endure only 150 days
Stalled goat farming in Tamil Nadu is a unique & profitable business.
Stalled goat farming requires less maintenance & man power compared to dairy cow farming & poultry farming
Setting up a commercial goat farming business should be 100 % professional & scientific to avoid mortality rates in farms
Zero grazing system is enormously successful if properly maintained compared to grazing systems
Most of the tea & coffee estates farmers in Tamil Nadu & other states of India rear goats for its manure & urine for their crop cultivations

Meat goat Farming information’s

As the susceptible population grows, the consumptions of meat is raising day by day. Therefore, peoples think to start a meat goat farming to produce more meat in the market. There are some meat goat breeds which gives more meat production. There are various meat goat breeds found globally some of the breeds listed here are Boer, Beetel, Sirohi, angora, pashmina goats, black Bengal, Matou.

Selection of goats for meat farming

Don’t buy cheap goats from mandis or auction.
Always buy vaccinated & dewormed goats from reputed breeders & consultants.
Check for sound mouth, two eats, No sore or lumps should be found, No nasal or eye discharge, clean butt, size & height of the goats should be good for apt age
Try to identify their sire & dam & ask their birth records.

 

Meat goat breeds in India

The most important thing for selecting a goat breed for meat goat farming should have proper adoptability for climatic conditions, environment, reproductive & growth rate should be good

Boer Goats

Boer is a heavier goat originated from South Africa suitable for all hot climatic conditions like Texas, the puberty of a male goat is 6 Months’ times as well the puberty of female Boer is 10 to 12 Months’ times, mature male weighs about 150 kgs. & above likewise female Boer weighs about 100 kgs. If proper nutrition is fed

Beetel Goats

This Beetel goat is found in India & Pakistan it is very famous for its great height & weight with good gigantic physique as well they are good for both meat & milk productions. These Boer goats are found in Punjab states of India, also they are found in Rawalpindi & Lahore of Pakistan. The colour of beetel goats are black & white in colour with white spots in body, An adult male beetel weighs about 65 kgs.& female weighs about 45 to 50 kgs. The litter size is 41% singles, 53 % twins & 6% triplets.

Beetel breed features:

Size                                                            Male                                         Female

Body weight( in kgs)                            50 – 65 kgs                                40 to 50 kgs

Body length (in cms)                           86.0   cms                                   70.5 cms

Chest girth ( in cms)                            86.0 cms                                     73.5 cms

Black Bengal goats:

This black Bengal goat breed is majorly found in Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Bangladesh &north eastern regions of India. This breed is found in black, brown, grey & white colour, they are small in size with fit structures. Its horn & tails are short in size, its body is not much, the male weighs about 25kgs above & female weighs about 20 to 25 kgs. But the reproduction rate of black Bengal goat is high usually twins & triplets in some case it gives quadlets too. This livestock generates employments in rural areas of Bangladesh by rearing it.

Benefits of Black Bengal goats

The meat quality is good, high reproduction rates, smaller in size, requires less space in sheds than any other livestock breeds.
The female goat becomes pregnant twice in a year, also it is extremely good disease resistant animal.
The skin of this goat is ridiculously tight & produces enormous demands in leather industry.
The goat milk prevents tuberculosis & asthma in humans.

 

Kashmiri goats

This goat is found in Himalayan & Kashmir regions of India, these goats are big in size also they can tolerate hotly & cold weather conditions, they are in ash & brown colour it has got good skins. It is well-known for wool & meat production.

Matou Goats

These goats are found in china, very famous for high meat production their legs are long in size also their ears are short in size & straight they appear in white colour. The reproduction rate is twins in these goat breeds.

Angora Goats

Angora goats are predominantly from china. This angora goat has long & lustrous hairs they are found in mixed colours, it is specially reared for meat & hair productions.

Tellicherry Goats

Tellicherry goat is otherwise called as thalaserry goat which is found in kozhikod, Kannur & kasargod districts of thalacherry place called in kerala, generally found white in colour. This breed is excellent for both meat & milk reproduction .in this goats breeds the kidding ratios will be twins & triples based on Nutrition’s fed to the animals. These goats have good resistance power for all weather conditions & they are medium sized goats usually found in white & dull colours, & their face is straight but few goats have raised face. The average male goat weighs about 60 to 65 kgs. of body weight annually based on feeding & nutrition managements.

Sirohi Goat

Sirohi goats are found in ajmer, sirohi, pushkar, Jaipur, tonk, nagoor districts of rajasthan state & few are found in Bhilwara& adjoining areas in Gujarat. These goats are raised for both meat & milk.

Sirohi goat breed features & appearance

This sirohi goat breeds are heavier in size they are attractive in light & dark brown colour with light patches These goats have light & fairly dense hairs. The horns of sirohi represent small size curved in upward & backward, The speciality of this goat breed is that it can be easily adopted to stallfed farming conditions

Sirohi Goat breed performance in meat & milk production

This sirohi goat breed is meant for both milk & meat production, this breed performs an average of about 0.5 to 0.6 kgs of milk/day. Lactation period in this breed is for 4 months time . an average of 70 kgs of milk can be obtained during this 120 days lactation period depending on nutritional feeds & its managements fed to the animals.

Kidding Ratio in Sirohi Goats

The kidding ratio in sirohi goats are usually singles 60 % in some case it executes twins of 40% anyhow based on nutritional managements of the goats. The born goat kid will weigh about 2 kgs. But the kidding starts only from 19 to 20 months of goats age

Osmanabadi Goats

Osmanabadi goats are distributed in osmanabad, latur, ahmednagar, parbhani, solanpur districts of Maharashtra state. This breed is also found in Marathwada, vidharva, western Maharashtra& adjoin parts of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, &Karnataka. This breed is raised for both meat & milk but majorly for meat farming they are reared. This breed gives an average milk of 1 litre for 4 months lactation period& the dressing percentage of these goats is 40%. They are usually black in colour, but some are brown & white spotted to it body almost it’s a medium & large sized goat.In this breed 90 % of male goat is horned & female goat is 75% poled or horned. These goats breed twice in a year usually the kidding ratios will be twins & triplets. It has high degree of disease resistance can be survived in drought conditions areas well.

Changthangi Goats | pashmina goat |

Changthangi goat breed is meat goat animals which are medium sizes found in white, brown, black & grey colour with lustrous hair, there horn are turning upward & inward to form a semi-circle a wide variation exists both in size & shape. Body is covered with long coarse hairs including the facial areas.

Changthangi goat Breed performance

This changthangi goat breed is in high demand for their harvest hairs once in a year during the month of June & July.The pashmina hair production in these goats gives a production of 200 grams with a wide range of variations from 50 to 700 grams per goat. This pashmina hair is used for making kashmir shawl of high Quality.

Changthangi Goat Breed Features

Size                                   Male           Female
Body weight (in kgs)       20 kgs          18 to 19 kgs
Body length (in cms)       49 cms          52.5 cms
Chest girth (in cms)

Changthangi Goat Breed information’s

Changthangi breed is found in the changthang place of Leh district of Jammu & Kashmir in India & is adjacent to Tibet. This breed is well adopted to local cold arid – Agro climatic conditions of the regions. The fiber produced by this animal is used make world class shawls from Kashmir, in addition to hair this breed is reared for meat & milk productivity. The population of this goat is very less & is usually found in changthang alone, these breeds have a white coat colour, few are found in brownish red, fawn, grey &balck in colours their horns are usually brown in colour & curved in shape the breeding season of this goat occurs during the month of July to November.

Ganjam Goat breed

Ganjam goat breed is one of the goat breed among twenty two goat breeds found in india , It is found in southern parts of Ganjam district in orissa state & bordering region of Andhrapradesh

Ganjam Goat Breed Performance

Ganjam goats are tall leggy with distinct ground clearance which is a medium sized animals used mostly for meat purpose, the coat colours are brown & black their ears are dropping, pendulous & medium in size, horns are flat, twisted, directed upward & upward curved both in clock& anticlockwise. Beard is common in male bucks, hair coats are short however, long in the neck & rear thigh region, wattles are found in both male & female but more common In females. The tail is short & twisted upward, The Ganjam goat breed ratio is 1 male: 40 females or 1:30. The average body weight of adult male is 41.5 kgs. & females weighs about 37.6 kgs.

Jakharana goat breed

Jhakarana goat breeds are mostly found in Alwar districts of Rajasthan state in India. they are usually black in colour with pale spots on ears & muzzle. This goat is a milk breed, the average milk yield per day will be 2 to 3 litres for about 180 to 200 days of lactation period. The kiddings in this breed is typically singles but there is a chance of 40 % goats gives twins birth of kids.

Jakharana goat breed performance

These goats are reared both in semi intensive & extensive systems of farming managements. The average body weight at birth are 2.5 kgs +/-1.11 kgs.
The body weight at 3 months are12.28+/-1.50 kgs.
The body weight at 6 months are 16.47 kgs. +/-1.89 kgs.
The body weight at 12 months are 25.30 kgs. +/-3.01 kgs.
The average milk yield are 152.87 kgs +/-2.69 kgs. In 143 days or +/-3.2 days in semi intensive systems managements
The average milk yield are 107.39 kgs +/-2.11 kgs. In 118 days or +/-2.3 days in extensive systems of managements
The average age at first kidding, kidding interval & twinning rate were 561.24 +/- 9.83 days, 287.78 days +/- 9.89 days & 1.54 +/- 10.16 days in semi intensive systems & 632.35 days ,332.86 days+/- 9.34 days & 1.32 days +/- 0.16 days in extensive managements

Chegu Breed

Chegu breed is fair & widely spread in Himachal Pradesh & few thousands of goats is found in Sikkim state. This chegu breed is an meat breed equally has its own value for pashmina hair, manure, coarse fibre & textile fibre, & its skin they are predominantly whitish in colour few are greyish red in colour. These goats are medium sized with small ears & horns which are bent upward, backward & outward. Kidding takes place once in a year usually produce particular kid, This breed is in endangered list which is found in very less number about 10,000 goats as per 2007 livestock census.

Karoli Goat |Kotagoat|

This breed is basically found in karoli area of Rajasthan where they are densely populated.karoli goats are predominantly black in colour few are white brown and spotted animals are also found. They have long ears, drooped & broad, slightly it has gotroman nose, cork screw horns, both sexes have common horns curved upward & backward. The average birth weight is 2 kgs. The age at first kidding is 19 – 20 months , litter size is1 kid/birth

Karoli goat breed performance

Milk: Milk yield is about 1.5 kgs. And the lactation period is about 110 days.
Meat: Body weight is about 30 to 40 kgs in a year.

Karoli Goat Breed Features

Size                                           Male                         Female
Body weight (in kgs)               30 kgs.                        32 kgs.
Body length (in cms)               65cms.                       66cms.
Chest girth (in cms)                 70.5cms.                   71.5cms.

Malabari Goat

Malabari goat breed is found in Kannur, Calicut, Wayanad&Malapuram districts of Kerala in India. They are medium sizes animals with varied coat colour ranging from white to admixtures & black in few areas. These goats are mainly reared for meat purpose, the average milk yield of this breed is 100 – 190 kgs. in a lactation period of 180 – 210 days. Also, 30 % of the goats are long haired all the males & small number of females have bearded. The body weight of these goats weighs about 5.73 kgs. At the third month, 9.20 kgs. at 6 months, 13.27 kgs. at 9 months & finally 20 kgs. At the end of 12 months, milk yield in the female goats is about 1 litre / day &weighs about 40 to 50 kgs. In a year if fed with highly nutritious feed.

Damascus Goat

Damascus goat breed is raised in Syria & Lebanon primarily for milk production they are usually brown or red in colour in some cases they are found in pied or grey colour, the animals can be horned or polled & long haired & they are of Nubian type.

Boer goat breeding:

Boer is a globally recognised breed for excellent production & adoptability for its massive weight gain & good size with good carcass quality characteristics. The breed standards for Boer goats include, great physique with good head, neck, tail forequarters, hindquarters, barrel, legs, skins & coverings, sexual organs, colour, general appearance, type & fertility.

Boer goat Farming

Boer is a Fast-growing breed for commercial goat farming globally, if properly fed with nutritional feeds it can weigh about 200 grams of weight per day, the birth weight of male Boer goat kid will be 3 to 5 kgs. Which is about 0.5 kgs. heavier than female Boer goats, kids at weaning age will have a body weight of about 20 to 25 kgs. Depending on weaning methods & age at 7 months of age bucks weighs about 40 to 50 kgs. Whereas the female weighs about 35 to 40 kgs. At the end of a year, bucks weigh about 60 to 70 kgs. of body weight whereas the female does weigh about 60 to 65 kgs. of body weight. all these body weights & measurements varies based on genetics, nutrition, purity, health & disease, breeding age & method of management methods

Boer bucks |Rams|

For a good fertility Boer goat Ram, the following practices has to be followed before 2 or 3 months for mating seasons
Always give zinc supplement if zinc level is too low in pastures.
Dose with vitamin A, D, E
Deworm the Boer goat bucks for round worms & nose worms, ensure that rams are in good conditions with good hoofs.
Rams should get good exercise & fit enough to breed see that they should not become too fat & lazy.

Boer Goat Ewes Does

Boer goat ewes sustain excellent reproductive rates. The lambing percentage is 180 to 200% usually it gives twins & triplets kid births
The various factors which affect the reproduction percentage of the ewes are listed below.
Season
Age factors
Nutrition

Body mass

The Boer goat ewes has a peak Oestrus cycle during the month of April/may also October to January with high nutritional level the ewes attain puberty at six months ages, early pregnancy affects the future growth & breeding cycle of the does, young ewes should not be mated in early stages it should be mated only after 12 months ages

Boer goat mating | Mass mating |

The breeding ratio for Boer goat mating should be 1 male for 20 female Boer does, during mating season the young ewes should be separated from matured female ewes

Boer Goat mating | Single mating |

In this mating one Boer buck should be mated with 50 females does the quality of Boer buck should be excellent in body conditions, with average body weight, stamina, very aggressive with proper exercise, this buck should be maintained separately in the goat shed with special care in feeding highly nutritious feed & healthy exercise, it should be let loose only during evening time with Boer does for mating & it should be separated again during nights in the separate male buck shed, try to do this in cool weather conditions. A ram can cover ewes every half an hour time period during mating.

Boer goat artificial insemination

For Artificial inseminations contact any veterinary doctors for assistance or try to collect semen samples from any organised Boer goat breeders for good results.