Goat & Sheep Farming Advantages | Stall Fed Goat & Sheep Farm |
What is Stall fed or Zero grazing system?
This is a system where animals are grown in a protected area well maintained & fed in stall with help of cultivated fodders, forages & concentrate feeds inside the farm Stall fed goat & Sheep farming are more appreciable for the following reasons like.
Stress of animals is absolutely less.
Animals are grown in hygienic disease free zones.
Quality of meat can be maintained.
Animals are protected from heat.
Variety of fodder seeds collections.
Close monitoring of animals & record keeping is exceptionally easy.
Tensionless work leads the business successfully.
Control of contagious & non-contagious diseases by proper medical check-ups.
Allow more efficient utilization of forage since there are no losses from falling and trampling.
Fencing and supply of piped water are dispensed with excepting at the zero grazing enclosure.
Conservation of energy is more, conversion of energy from fodder & feeds is quickly converted into flesh & milk.
There is greater control measure of bloat especially if forages are wilted before feeding to the animals.
There are reduced chances of animals getting infected with a virus & parasites because they do not move from place to place.
Descripts & nondescripts goats sheep breeds of India.
How to breed goats
Breeding of goats can be done by natural buck mating or by artificial insemination methods. Always consider the best breeding age for goats should be between 10 to 12 months age, the breeding ratio of goats should be 10:1. I.e. 10 females for 1 male buck the best breeding time daily is during oestrus cycle as goats have a 150 days of gestation time period
Symptoms of heat in goats
Mucus discharge from the vulvae
Frequent urination with un easiness, lack of appetite & bleating
Male goats are very aggressive making abnormal sound while mating
Female goats will try to get near male goats.
Health care in the goats farming
Proper caring & maintenance is required to reduce the rate of mortality & infection spread in goat farming, regular vaccinations & de worming should be done at periodic time intervals with specific drugs with accurate dosing
Care for New born kids.
Once the female does delivers a new born baby, its nose & intact body should be wiped with a dry hygiene cloth, apply a ordinary heat to baby goats based on its body temperature if required, ensure that baby goat takes colostrum from female mother goat after delivery or else you can go for bottle feeding the colostrum
Care for Delivered goats
An extremely nutritious feed should be fed to mother goats in order to produce enough milk for its kids as well to maintain its immunity in great feed rations.
Care for Breeding bucks
Breeding bucks should be fed with highly nutritious good feeding ration
Care for pregnancy goats
Pregnancy goats should be observed carefully till they deliver goats also it should be fed with good nutritional feeds along with calcium & liver tonics.
How to start goat farming business in India
The goat is a small animal which has a more immense value compared to any other smaller animal as it has got high demands for its meat & milk with more productivity, this business is suitable for marginal farmers & landlords as it needs both dry & wet lands for their grazing. Risk of stall fed goat farming is less compared to traditional grazing system only if it is done scientifically with proper maintenance & care, they are resistant to diseases this requires farmers to gain good revenues in short period of time compared to other cattle business.
Advantages of Starting Goat farm
starting a goat farm requires less capital in traditional method compared to stalled system.
Starting a stall fed goat farm requires good investment to maintain their quality & professionalism in farming for getting good income
Goats require less space in housing compared to more enormous animals.
Goat milk & meat are cholesterol free & easily digestible
Price wise male goats have higher cost compared to female goats for breeding purpose but meat wise both has same value
Goat milk contains good protein likewise the price of goat milk is higher compared to cow’s milk, also from goat milk various types of milk products can be manufactured like, butter, cheese, chocolates, food items, cosmetics & medicines, etc.
Goats have a specific purpose which can generate income from their meat, milk, fiber, wool, skin & manure.
Goats are good breeders attaining their reproductive maturity within 6 to 12 months ages & gives birth of kids at the end of 150 days after maturity period.
Proper designing of housing is most important in goat farming for the growth rate & return on investment
Goat milk is a nutritional medicine for patients suffering from diabetes, asthma, cancer, poor mother feeds, etc.
The goat farming requires less labours if it is done by stall fed method scientifically
As goat farming is successful now a day. NABARD& many banks are providing loans for starting up this business from both government sector & private bank sectors
Commercial goat farming constitute a substantial source of income & employment for business seekers, unemployed & educated peoples too