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Descript Goat & Sheep Breeds of India 

Sheep and goats are important species of livestock for India. They contribute greatly to the agrarian economy, especially in areas where crop and dairy farming are not economical, and play an important role in the livelihood of a large proportion of small and marginal farmers and landless labours. The productivity of Indian sheep and goats is low, yet considering the nutritional and physical environmental conditions under which they are reared, it cannot be considered inefficient.Major reasons for this low productivity are inadequate grazing resources, disease problems and serious lack of organized efforts for genetic improvement.Sheep and goat mortality is quite high. Due to bacterial and viral diseases, pneumonia in various forms (particularly pulmonary adenomatosis), sheep-pox, enterotoxaemia and anthrax in sheep, and pneumonia, clostridial diseases and lumbar paralysis in goats are common and result in high mortality. Internal and, to some extent, external parasites also cause large morbidity and economic loss. To overcome this issue now a days stall fed livestock farms plays a vital role in improving the productivity of animals under disease free zone, in such case the mortality of the animal can be lowered to some extent by proper medications. So under stall feeding systems both contagious & non contagious diseases can be easily diagonised & controlled by proper monitoring & medications at the appropriate timings.

Indian goat Breeds
India’s vast genetic resources in sheep and goats are reflected by the availability of 40 breeds of sheep and 20 breeds of goats. In the strict sense, there are no specific breeds, since the majority of them do not have specified defined characters. Neither are there breeding societies or agencies to register animals of particular breeds, maintain flock books and ensure the purity of the breed. A population of sheep or goats in a given locality, with characters distinct from other populations in the vicinity and with a distinct local name, has usually been considered as a breed. There has been little effort to conserve and further improve the native breeds. At a few Central and State Government farms, some important breeds of sheep and goats are maintained for pure breeding and producing stud rams for distribution to the farmers. Most of the breeds of sheep and goats in India have evolved naturally through adaptation to agro-ecological conditions to a limited extent there has been artificial selection for specific needs. These breeds have generally been named after their place of origin or on the basis of prominent characteristics. Most of the breeds of sheep and goats are very well adapted to the harsh climate, long migration, and lack of vegetation and drinking water. A large proportion of sheep and goats (more particularly the latter) are of nondescript or mixed breeds. here has been a very great amount of inter-mixture among indigenous breeds. Crossing with exotic breeds has also been undertaken in order to upgrade the local breeds and to develop new ones, but no serious consideration inferior breeds with superior breeds, especially Jamnapari, Beetal, sirohi, talacherry,osmanabadi,boer,kodi etc….

Goat Breeds 

  • Sirohi

  • Jamunapari

  • Talacherry

  • Osmanabadi

  • Barbari

  • Beetal

  • Kodi

  • Sojat

  • Tothapari

  • Jakrana

Sheep Breeds :

  • Madras red

  • Jodipi

  • Rambouilette

 Goat & sheep breeds Requirements

Male bucks

Female Does

( starting with kids is highly risks)

The breeding ratio should be 10:1

1 male : 10 females

Running cost for goat farms

  1. Feed supplements & medicines cost per annum

  2. Manpower cost

  3. Veterinary operational cost

How to select the goat breeds

Breed selections is the most important factor which plays a major role in goat farming business. As per Indian climatic conditions there are multiple breeds in various states of india , shortlisting a good breed gives additional revenues based on their maintenance as well selection of goats which is adoptable to climatic conditions, Avoid young kids & sick goats while purchasing always depend on experts who are strong in goat farming business , always give first priority for healthy goats not on the price factors as these goats are parental stocks of you farm it should generate returns from your investments likewise select the matured does which gives multiple kids

How to select male goats for breeding purpose

          The male bucks should be of 12 months old

 

  1. Male bucks should be of good physique with god height & great structure

  2. Select the bucks which has come from does with twinning percentage of kidding

  3. Male bucks should be very active & aggressive to mate female goats during heat period

  4. Replace the male goats which is kept for breeding purpose once in 3 years

  5. Avoid buying goats from local markets or mandis which will be poor in sanitation which affects growth rate as well breeding program

  6. Always buy the goats from a reputed farmers or suppliers who are well established in farm business

  7. Buying a goat in right age & weight is very important

  8. Always buy a pedigreed quality of goats for breeding purpose at good price rather than buying a poor quality goats at cheaper price 

How to Select female goats for breeding purpose

  1. Always buy the goats which is easily adoptable to your climatic conditions & market requirements

  2. Buy the female does which is above 8 to 10 months old age with a body weight more than  20 kgs

  3. Select the goats with good appetite & well  formed pupils

  4. Select goats with good udders & teats

  5. Never buy a female goat which is suffering from mastitis

  6. Never buy anaemia goats

  7. Never buy Sick goats

  8. Never buy cheaper Quality goats with cheaper price

List of Goat Breeds which is reared in tamilnadu

  1. Thalachery

  2. Kanni

  3. Salem black

  4. Osmanabadi

  5. Kodi

  6. Jamunapari

  7. Sirohi

  8. Sojat

  9. Beetal

  10. Barbari

  11. Boer